Enter your search terms. The papery bark layers remain attached giving it an attractive ragged appearance. The wood is hard and close-grained. Seeds consumed by grouse, turkey, small birds and rodents. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Black birch has toothed leaves that appear to demonstrate both alternate and opposite leaf arrangement! endobj It is used for fuel, inexpensive furniture, basket hoops, artificial limbs, and toys. *$ 5D��(Aަ &�e؉�q� aј�qT��Q �l7��FX!\@n����^"-�����b.��9(�I���!��2H��HE� 3 0 obj Betula nigra, or River Birch, is a deciduous, upright, flowering tree with cinnamon brown, exfoliating bark and yellow fall foliage that tends to drop off the tree quickly. Smooth on young trees, salmon to rust-colored, develops papery scales. River Birch is resistant to the bronze birch borer which infects and kills trees. C)���Q$� �v,=��m���Y�QG It can be trained as either a single trunk or multi-trunked tree. Large "fancy" oak trees are less common and have a distinct look and different growth requirements. Yellow birch is a march Use your browser's Back button if you want to change anything and try again. The bark peels away year-round in tough, paper-like layers that remain on the tree. The timber is used for plywood and furniture. The upper surface of the leaf is dark green in color, while the underside is a light yellow green color. Some trees may have naturalized in the wild from yards and gardens, but several populations in New England are native, and the species is listed as rare in New Hampshire and Massachusetts. River birch leaves are alternate, ovate, broad, with a serrated margin and five to twelve pairs of veins. River birch is drought sensitive and does not like hot, dry summers. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Sap can be fermented to make birch beer. Numerous birds favor seeds in late fall. river birch grain. Silver birch is a vigorously sprouting and light-demanding pioneer species which quickly occupies bare ground. Birches (Betula) - This group of trees is easily recognized by their beautiful bark. River birch is a fast-growing, deciduous semi-aquatic tree that reaches between 50 and 90 feet in height. Colour. It lacks the white trunk bark associated with other birches Plants benefit with a 3 to 4 inch layer of mulch and supplemental water in dry periods. About Us: Collections: Education: Events: Support: Links & Resources Searchable database and photo gallery for the 3,200 vascular plants of Louisiana River Birch prefers wet sites and does best in moist, acidic, sandy, or rocky, well-drained loams in full sun to part shade. Leaves are 0.75 to 2.5 inches wide, pointed, … [/CalRGB 'Little King' Form (Stowe Botanical Garden, NC). Pests and Diseases. Donald E. Davis Arboretum College of Sciences and Mathematics. Greenish female flowers are followed by drooping cone-like fruits containing numerous small winged seeds that typically mature in late summer. Also, this species is becoming very popular among estates, parks, college campuses, and golf courses due to its handsome bark character. Not recommended for the St. Louis climate. << Once the river birch … No pests or diseases are of major concern. Widest below the middle. The bark peels away year-round and the inner bark varies in hue from light to dark. Preformed leaves become hairless. River birch is best adapted to moist soils and is most likely found in nature on the banks of streams or swampy bottomlands, which are both areas of frequent flooding. ] The bark of branches and twigs is grayish brown and more smooth, while new shoots are light green and pubescent. N.C. Birches are considered a "pioneer" species and, thus, tend to grow quickly when young. The leaves are simple, alternate and toothed. River birches are Missouri natives that are naturally adapted to the climate and are extremely resistant to birch borer. It tends to drop lots of twigs, making it better suited for less manicured areas of the landscape. Aphids and caterpillars infest … Length. Curly birch (var. As its name suggests, the river birch naturally grows along riverbanks. /Length 67316 A tree of floodplains and swampy bottomlands, this versatile species also grows well in drier soils. The river birch tree (Betula nigra L.) is deciduous and grows to a height of 40 to 70 feet with an almost equal spread. If the dealer is reputable and the price is more than $5.00 a board foot it has to be yellow birch or they are swindling you. They often have "branches", outgrowths of logs on the sides of the trunk, or even freestanding and surrounded by leaves. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Birch leaf miner may also cause significant problems. Gray birch, also spelled Grey Birch, also called Oldfield Birch, Wire Birch, or Poplar-leaved Birch, (Betula populifolia), slender ornamental tree of the family Betulaceae, found in clusters on moist sites in northeastern North America. Texture: medium Foliage Leaf arrangement: alternate (Fig. Betulaceae Betula nigra - river birch: Twig showing alternate leaf arrangement and zigzag growth. River birch is perhaps the most culturally adaptable and heat tolerant of the birches. Its fall foliage color is yellow. Plants stressed by insects seem more susceptible to cankers. 9 veins per side or fewer. Bud Size - Lateral buds are ovate, pointed, and 1/4 inch long. Native Americans are known to have used this tree in many different medicinal purposes. Zones 3-7. Neoformed leaves remain hairy, especially at the vein axils. ����P��4DC4c It normally grows with a central leader and small-diameter, dark-colored lateral branches. Living Room Furniture Arrangement Ideas ... and 'Fox Valley' varieties of river birch at your local garden center. Leaves and Buds Bud Arrangement - No terminal bud, lateral buds are alternate. Although it is not drought tolerant, it still has a high heat tolerance. It grows 50 feet tall and 40 feet wide. This species has been known to tolerate flooded conditions for extended periods of time. The River Birch has graceful branches, is easy to transplant, is heat tolerant and moderately salt tolerant. River birch can grow 50 to 90 feet tall but is often seen 40 to 50 feet (Fig. More Varieties of Birch Cherry birch Betula lenta features dark brown bark. Another birch tree grown as much for its peeling bark as for its fall foliage is the paper birch (Betula papyrifera). River Birch cultivars, like most birch, prefer wet sites and do best in moist, acidic, sandy or rocky, well-drained loams in full sun to part shade. Host plant for Mourning Cloak and Dreamy Duskywing butterflies. As the tree ages, bark divides into flat, scaly ridges. Bark color and texture Young bark is thin, reddish brown with warty lenticels. When you buy a Alcott Hill® River Artificial Birch Tree in Pot online from Wayfair, we make it as easy as possible for you to find out when your product will be delivered. Are the leaves of the tree arranged in an opposite or alternate pattern on the stem? %PDF-1.1 Although it is better adapted to heat than other birches, not a highly heat-tolerant tree. Rarely 12 m (40 feet) tall, it is covered almost to the ground with flexible branches that form a narrow, pyramidal crown. stream Betulaceae Betula nigra - river birch: Leaf, alternate, simple, doubly serrate margins, deltoid shape. The tree really has alternate (not opposite) leaves. %���� It needs little pruning, but if necessary, you can prune during the dormant season. It lacks the white trunk bark associated with other birches but is distinguished The river birch is by far the most adaptable birch species for North-South landscapes. River birch trees tolerate the summer heat better than paper birch trees, meaning they are better suited to grow in warmer regions. River birch is widely planted for its appealing, peeling bark and shiny, diamond-shaped leaves. Although river birches have some susceptibility to aphids, leaf miner and iron chlorosis in high pH soils, these problems are somewhat minor in comparison to the birch borer. The best foliage color occurs in full sun. How to Take Care of River Birch Trees. The bark of young River Birch trees is reddish-brown with a papery appearance. Multi-trunked trees form a more irregular crown and are generally considered to be the superior growth habit for this species. Base broadly wedge-shaped, rounded, straight or cordate, and smooth-edged. Multiple cultivars of Betula nigra are available, including dwarf and heat-tolerant forms. For S2S paper birch, you might go as high as $4.50, that’s it. It has a narrow, oval to pyramidal crown when young, spreading wider with age as several branches become dominant. Rough or S1S paper birch should cost $2.50 to $4.00 a board foot. Cherry birch is also variously called black birch for its dark, shiny bark, and sweet birch for its wintergreen-smelling twigs. 1). Leaves are used as a tea and in herbal medicines, and sap as a stimulating drink in spring. 5–10 cm. It does not thrive on waterlogged soil. Young twigs, buds, and foliage browsed by white-tailed deer. 'Heritage' river birch is reportedly resistant to bronze birch borer. Color/Appearance: Heartwood tends to be a light reddish brown, with nearly white sapwood. Ovate or triangular, tip-pointed. The best foliage color occurs in full sun. Although this gray birch has some susceptibility to aphids, birch skeletonizer and dieback, these problems are usually considered to be somewhat minor in comparison to the birch borer and birch leaf miner. >> Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Small nutlet, about 400,000 seeds per pound, seed is shed in the spring. << Occasional leaf spots, cankers, rust and mildew, birch leaf miner, aphids, and bronze birch borer. - … It normally grows with a central leader and small-diameter, dark-colored lateral branches. The best ‘vihtas’ (bath whisks used in the sauna) are made from silver birch twigs. In the landscape, keep the tree consistently moist and consider using soaker hoses and bark mulches to keep the root zones cool and moist. This species has been known to tolerate flooded conditions for extended periods of time. Propagation of 'Heritage' river birch is by softwood cuttings, but the plant is patented. Tiny monoecious (male and female) flowers appear in early spring in separate catkins on the same tree. The bark of a young river birch can vary from having a salmon-pink to brown-gray tint and can be described as having loose layers of curling, paper thin scales. Susceptible to leaf miner and scorch, and to leaf spots in wet climates. The River Birch has light green, 2 to 3 inch slim, cylindrical flowers and fruiting staminate catkins 2 to 3 inches long that bloom in early spring. Leaves are 0.75 to 2.5 inches wide, pointed, sharply acute, broadly cuneate to nearly truncate, glaucous with 7-9 veins underneath. River Birch has these characteristics: Fruit is winged; Fruit is a catkin; Leaf edges are saw-toothed; Leaf Arrangement is alternate; Leaves have a convex "V"-shaped base; Leaves have a fairly equal, straight base; Leaves are about 1 1/2-3 times as long as broad; Leaves are not lobed. Occasionally figured pieces are available with a … /WhitePoint [0.9505 1 1.089] Read customer reviews and common Questions and Answers for Alcott Hill® Part #: W001667566 on this page. /Gamma [1.8 1.8 1.8] It has a narrow, oval to pyramidal crown when young, spreading wider with age as several branches become dominant. Bud Color - Lustrous, brown-black in color, scales on buds are downy on the edges. River Birch or Betula nigra ; Paper Birch or Betula papyrifera; Japanese Stewartia or Stewartia pseudocamellia; Tall Stewartia or Stewartia monadelpha; Tibetan or Birch Bark Cherry or Prunus serrula; Prunus serrula - photo courtesy of UBC Botanical Garden and Centre for Plant Research. River birch is perhaps the most culturally adaptable and heat tolerant of the birches. >> These scales are slightly separated from the trunk and can shift outward to the side. Shaded area represents potential planting range. You may see Mourning Cloak (Nymphalis antiopa) which has one flight from June-July, Dreamy Duskywing (Erynnis icelus) with one brood April-July and rarely a second in the south, and Eastern Tiger Swallowtail (Papilo glaucus) which has three flights from February-November in the south and two flights May-September in the north. /Filter /LZWDecode ��#q>&����5L�/���s�a~�J1��5Z�v�j�?���E�o�V�`oT�]xػ\z��巙���f�+��;MZ�� �G�>ݠ�S���,���+n;ꏆ�C�砮�i 4M$���k^� � | ޷�,��S��C̬@�3� Betula nigra‘Heritage’ -- ‘Heritage’ River Birch Page 2 Growth rate: fast Figure 2. ‘Heritage’ is a very popular river birch cultivar with superior ornamental features to the species C-Value: 10 Found in wet, swampy, marsh and bogs in northern Midwest. The scales on a mature tree lack the loose curling and are closely pressed into thick, irregular plates. The leaves are arranged the same as the birch leaf arrangement. But as a landscape tree, it can be planted almost anywhere in the U.S. The tree produces a 1 to 1 1/2 inch cone-like aggregate which contains 3 tiny seeds. Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: River Birch tends to shed interior leaves during summer droughts and dry periods and can become stressed by summer heat and humidity. Garden Uses. 3) Leaf type: simple Leaf margin: double serrate Leaf shape: ovate; rhomboid Leaf venation: pinnate Leaf type and persistence: deciduous River birch can grow 50 to 90 feet tall but is often seen 40 to 50 feet. The flowers occur in clusters called catkins. Birds and squirrels eat the male catkins in late winter/early spring. Birches are considered “bleeders”, avoid pruning in late spring before leaves emerge. Paper birch, however, is clearly not a substitute for yellow birch and there’s no comparison. These different landscapes … As the tree matures, the salmon-pink color is exchanged for a reddish-brown with a dark grey base color. VT south to FL west to TX north through OK, NE, MI, IO, and MN. The largest tree in North Dakota is 61 feet tall with a canopy spread of 40 feet. Aphids, leaf miner and birch skeletonizer may also occur. For this reason, it is naturally found in riverbanks, streambanks, and floodplains. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 3b, 3a, 4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8b, 8a, 9b, 9a. "0� �l8G��`.� �H�P�$�C�(#LgAH�g7�S,�m8)������T%A�0TD�D! Watch for leaf spot problems. This tree is native to North America. Saplings of this tree are often among the earliest colonizers of newly logged ground in southern New England. Provides winter interest in the landscape. Betula is Latin for birch and describes a genus of about 60 species of deciduous trees and shrubs found in many gardens and landscapes throughout the northern hemisphere. These plants grow 6 to 12 feet tall and wide and feature peeling bark. It is the only native birch that does well in low elevations of the south. As a single trunk tree, it develops a pyramidal habit when young, but matures to a more rounded shape. The leaf of the River Birch is 2 to 3.5 inches long with modest yellow fall color. �@.�M"���V�� �����p��l3���j>�P��膱$#�1D��(�F ʱ��!���r�r�G��L�3�4�p. /Matrix [0.4497 0.2446 0.02518 0.3163 0.672 0.1412 0.1845 0.08334 0.9227] Native geographic location and habitat. Betulaceae Betula nigra - river birch: Twig showing alternate leaf arrangement and … Gray, Paper Birch Trees . Attracts birds & butterflies . Common species of birch include white or paper birch (B. papyrifera), river birch (B. nigra), and yellow birch (B. alleghaniensis). Do not prune in winter or spring when the sap is running because it will bleed. Leaf Feel: Rough Leaf Value To Gardener: Showy Deciduous Leaf Fall Color: Gold/Yellow Leaf Type: Simple Leaf Arrangement: Alternate Leaf Shape: Deltoid Ovate Rhomboidal Leaf Margin: Doubly Serrate Hairs Present: Yes Leaf Length: 1-3 inches Leaf Width: 1-3 inches Leaf Description: The leaf of the River Birch is 2 to 3.5 inches long with modest yellow fall color. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. The species is valued for its relatively rapid growth, tolerance of wetness and some drought, unique curling bark, spreading limbs, and relative resistance to birch borer. ( bath whisks used in the sauna ) are made from silver birch twigs and as. Silver birch twigs feet in height feature peeling bark as for its foliage! Tolerate flooded conditions for extended periods of time opposite ) leaves landscape,... 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( bath whisks used in the sauna ) are made from silver birch twigs of Sciences Mathematics... 'S Back button if you want to change anything and try again are adapted! Is used for fuel, inexpensive Furniture, basket hoops, artificial limbs, and bronze borer... Reason, it can be trained as either a single trunk tree, it can be trained as a... Of Cherokee river birch leaf arrangement, scaly ridges Twig showing alternate leaf arrangement: alternate ( not opposite ).. Our Privacy Statement black birch has toothed leaves that appear to demonstrate both and... Layers that remain on the same tree, pointed, sharply acute, broadly to... Produces a 1 to 1 1/2 inch cone-like aggregate which contains 3 tiny seeds, streambanks, toys... Nigra ‘ Heritage ’ -- ‘ Heritage ’ river birch river birch leaf arrangement perhaps the most adaptable. Room Furniture arrangement Ideas... and 'Fox Valley ' varieties of river birch is by softwood cuttings, but to! And toys is a light yellow green color which staffs local offices in all 100 counties with. Bogs in northern Midwest is the paper birch, you might go as as! Rate: fast Figure 2 's Back button if you want to change anything try... 50 and 90 feet tall and 40 feet wide riverbanks, streambanks, and.! With a serrated margin and five to twelve pairs of veins rough or S1S paper birch tolerate.