UK, Hours Common names: The Windmill Palm is also known as Chusan Palm and Chinese Windmill Palm. Type above and press Enter to search. Though Chusan palms can tolerate severe temperature changes, they do need protection from the wind, as wind can damage the fronds. These fronds extend to about 1.5 feet in length. Northern gardening climates, even in growing zone 7, are still able to grow … The palm leaves are 18 to 36 inches. [4], Trachycarpus fortunei has been cultivated in China and Japan for thousands of years, for its coarse but very strong leaf sheath fibre, used for making rope, sacks, and other coarse cloth where great strength is important. To achieve the best results, plant it in relatively fertile, well-draining soil that is rich in organic matter. The windmill palm is a very hard species of palm and most adults can withstand temperatures that fall as low as -4 degrees Fahrenheit (-15 degrees Centigrade) and can even tolerate snow. Commonly lower tolerance limits of −15 to −20 Â°C (5 to −4 Â°F) are cited for mature plants. [citation needed], This plant has been cultivated in China and Japan for thousands of years. Not native to North America, but able to survive in USDA zones 8a-11, windmill palm trees are a hardy palm variety (to 10 degrees F./-12 C. or lower) that can withstand a layer of snow. The Windmill palm tree (Trachycarpus fortunei) is native to China and Japan and is one of the hardiest species of palm tree. USDA Zones 7B-10. Windmill palms like most soil, so they do need to be watered on a regular basis. The bases of the leaves create coarse covering on the trunk, which gives it a rough texture. This tough but beautiful tree may grow to 40 feet in height or more, but with its narrow form it doesn’t take up a lot of space compared to other palms. In the UK it has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[7][8]. Windmill Palm Tree 3 Gallon Pot, From Amazon. This is a hardy palm and can withstand subfreezing temperatures. All flowers grow close to the trunks of the trees. Generally, the Chusan palm should be watered about once or twice a week. Avoid placing fertilizer directly up against the trunk. Beccari, Odoardo: 1920 "Recens Palme Vecchio Mondo". Grows 15-20' x 4-5', Hardy to 10 F. Native to temperate and mountain forest in China. The leaves are deeply divided and dark green in colour. The Windmill Palm is the world’s hardiest palm and can be seen growing in the most unlikely places far north of regions typically associated with palm trees. GardenBeast is an online publication which launched in 2019 with the aim of providing the latest news, in-depth how-to guides and reviews of popular products to help you make the most from your back yards and gardens. She has an affinity with nature and loves to share her knowledge gained over a lifetime with readers online. Some links may be affiliate links. In fact, once it is in the ground or a container, it should fare well from the nutrients in the soil. Registered Company No.05695741 Online Resource for Backyards & Gardens. Chusan windmill palms can be propagated by seeds. The windmill palm … It is believed to originate in central China (Hubei southwards), southern Japan (Kyushu), south to northern Myanmar and northern India, growing at altitudes of 100–2,400 m (328–7,874 ft). The trunk is covered with a loose mat of coarse gray or brown fiber and is a bit narrower at … Native to countries like Japan, China, Myanmar, and India, Windmill palm trees go by plenty of names such as trachycarpus fortunei (its scientific name), the Chinese windmill palm, Chusan palm, and simply windmill palm. Windmill palm is native to China and is extremely cold tolerant – even tolerating snow! In its native habitat, this tough palm is sometimes subjected to a cover of snow and ice. Stalks are toothed, 1 1/2' long with 3' wide leaves. The common name refers to Chusan Island (now Zhoushan Island), where Robert Fortune first saw cultivated specimens. As such, it can grow well in most soil types; however, do note that when grown in highly chalky soil, the green foliage can turn yellow. The fan palms (Arecaceae tribe Corypheae; palms with fan-shaped leaves) include all of the hardiest palms.Windmill Palms (Trachycarpus fortunei, T. takil) – is considered the most cold hardy palm in the world.These tough species are native to eastern China and the Himalaya mountains where severe (though brief) winter conditions occur. The Windmill Palm is ideal for small gardens as it does not branch, making it fit into small spaces, side-yards, and rock gardens. These hardy palm trees do not have stringent soil requirements. Therefore, if you would like a taller tree, plant your Chusan palm in a shady area, but if you don’t mind a shorter, wider-trunked tree, a location that receives a lot of sun will do just fine for this tree. A medium-sized hardy palm with a tree-like growth habit. The fronds, which measure between 55 and 75 inches long extend outward from petioles that measure about 24 to 39 inches long. If you aren’t sure when to water, place a finger about 2 to 3 inches into the soil surrounding the base of the tree. The windmill palm is a very hard species of palm and most adults can withstand temperatures that fall as low as -4 degrees Fahrenheit (-15 degrees Centigrade) and can even tolerate snow. Though they are not native to North America, they can sustain in USDA zones 8a through 11. Kooc Media Ltd Thanks to this fresh variety, the Palm isn't relegated to only tropical locales. It may help to wrap the container with a clear plastic bag to encourage moisture and warmth. Trachycarpus fortunei, the Chinese windmill palm, windmill palm or Chusan palm, is a species of hardy evergreen palm tree in the family Arecaceae, native to parts of China, Japan, Myanmar and India. [1][3][6], Individuals belonging to a similar species, Trachycarpus takil, have survived a very harsh winter spell in Plovdiv, Bulgaria, where temperatures of -17 F (-27 C) have been recored . Short of lifting the plant’s skirts, it can be difficult to identify the plant’s gender without a professional. The slow-growing palm trees eventually grow to between 10 and 20 ft. (3 – 6 m). If multiples are planted close together, the Windmill Palm creates a cluster or grove in tropical garden schemes. The species was brought from Japan (Dejima) to Europe by the German physician Philipp Franz von Siebold in 1830. [9], Specimens at English Bay (Vancouver), Canada, Mature plant in Solomons Island along the coast of Maryland, USA, Tree after a light fall of snow (Northern Ireland, UK).